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Implement Authentication in Angular 2+ application using LoginRadius CLI in 5 mins

In this tutorial, you will learn about how to implement the authentication for Angular 2+ application in just 5 mins. We will be using LoginRadius for authentication.

Mohammed Modi
Mohammed Modi
April 14, 2021
8 min read

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Hello Guys!!!, today we will be implemented the authentication in the Angular 2+ application within 5 mins using LoginRadius.

Configuring LoginRadius

To implement authentication in the angular app first let's start with registering in the Loginradius and creating the application using LoginRadius CLI.

Why LoginRadius CLI

Developer Experience plays a crucial role for us. We always think about the ways we can minimize the juggling between a quickstart tutorial, dashboard, and terminal. The LoginRadius CLI will simplify your flow by just using some simple commands to register, create an application, log in, etc., and enables you to get the job done in very little time without leaving the terminal.

LoginRadius CLI Setup

Mac or Linux

  • Install the tap via:

    $ brew tap loginradius/tap
  • Then, you can install LR CLI via:

    $ brew install lr

Other Platforms

After installing the CLI, you can register into the LoginRadius via the below command.

$ lr register

This command will open the Loginradius in the browser to register yourself and create the app.

Register Page

Once you successfully register you will be able to see the below message on the browser, you can close the tab and come back to the CLI.

You are Successfully Authenticated, Kindly Close this browser window and go back to CLI.

Get Your Application API Credentials

Once you login/register using the CLI, You can now run the lr get config command to get your API credentials.

LoginRadius CLI Get Config

Configuring Callback URLs

A callback URL is a URL in your application where LoginRadius redirects the user after they have authenticated. The callback URL for your app must be added to your Application Configuration. If this field is not set, users will be unable to log in to the application and get an error.

Whitelist domain error

To get the list of whitelisted domains, you can run lr get domain command from the cmd prompt. And to add a domain in the list using lr add domain command.

If you are following this tutorial, you should set the http://localhost as a whitelisted domain. Check the below image for how to add the domain using LoginRadius CLI.

LoginRadius CLI Add Domain

Setup Angular application

You can implement the LoginRadius authentication in your existing Angular application, or you can start from scratch by following this tutorial.

You need to enable the routing for this tutorial if you are not aware of how to enable routing in the angular application, kindly follow this tutorial

  • Create src/app/config.ts and add the below application configuration

    const config = {
      APP_NAME: '<<Your App Name>>',
      API_KEY: '<<Your API Key>>',
    };
    export default config;

Add Login to Your Application

If you have already created the login component, add the following code in the .ts file else, generate the login component using ng CLI ng generate component login. Which will create a component inside the app folder. Add the following code to the login.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { ActivatedRoute, Router } from '@angular/router';

import config from '../config';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-login',
  templateUrl: './login.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./login.component.scss'],
})
export class LoginComponent implements OnInit {
  constructor(private route: ActivatedRoute, private router: Router) {
    this.route.queryParams.subscribe((params) => {
      if (params.token || localStorage.getItem('token')) {
        localStorage.setItem('token', params.token);
        this.router.navigate(['/profile']);
      } else {
        window.location.href = `https://${config.APP_NAME}.hub.loginradius.com/auth.aspx?return_url=${window.location.origin}/login`;
      }
    });
  }

  ngOnInit(): void {}
}

Here we are redirecting the application to the LoginRadius Auth Page where we are passing the return_url as the current origin, so after successful login, the LoginRadius Auth Page will redirect to the angular application with token as a query param. Later we will use token for all the user-related actions.

Add Profile Page

As you have seen in the above code on successful login, we redirect to /profile page. So let us create a profile component using ng CLI ng generate component profile. And let's modify the profile.component.ts file in the app/profile folder generated by ng CLI.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import config from '../config';
import { ProfileService } from '../profile.service';
import { Profile } from './profile';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-profile',
  templateUrl: './profile.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./profile.component.scss'],
})
export class ProfileComponent implements OnInit {
  profile: Profile;
  loginRadius: any;

  constructor(private configService: ProfileService, private router: Router) {
    const token = localStorage.getItem('token');
  }

  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.configService.getProfile().subscribe(
      (data: Profile) => {
        this.profile = { ...data };
      },
      (err: any) => {
        if (err.status === 403) {
          localStorage.removeItem('token');
          this.router.navigate(['login']);
        }
      }
    );
  }

  logout() {
    localStorage.removeItem('token');
    window.location.href = `https://${config.APP_NAME}.hub.loginradius.com/auth.aspx?action=logout`;
  }
}

Similary add the below code to profile.component.html file.

<div class="container">
  <h1>Hello {{ profile?.Email[0]?.Value }}</h1>
  <button (click)="logout()">LogOut</button>
</div>

The profile component will call the LoginRadius API to fetch the profile details and store them in the profile variable. Using that profile, we are displaying the email in the HTML. It also has the logout() function where we pass the action=logout in the LoginRadius Auth Page, which will help us log out the user.

In the profile component, you can see the two things are used.

  • ProfileService - This is the service to fetch the user profile using the token.
  • Profile - The model which will be used to store the profile information.

You can generate the service in the angular using ng CLI by using this command ng generate service profile which will create profile.service.ts with required configuration. Add the below code in the profile.service.ts file.

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import config from './config';
import { Profile } from './profile/profile';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class ProfileService {

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

  getProfile() {
    // now returns an Observable of Config
    return this.http.get<Profile>(
      `https://api.loginradius.com/identity/v2/auth/account?access_token=${localStorage.getItem(
        'token'
      )}&apikey=${config.API_KEY}`
    );
  }
}

We will use the HTTP module to call the Rest API so let's add the HttpClientModule in the app.module.ts file.

import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
...

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    ...
    HttpClientModule
    ...
  ],
})
export class AppModule { }

Now let's create a Profile model which will be used for storing the user profile.

  • Add src/app/profile/profile.ts

    export interface Profile {
      Email: {
        Type: string;
        Value: string;
      }[];
    }

Add Routes for Login and profile.

Lets modify the app-routing.module.ts and add the below Routes in it.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { LoginComponent } from './login/login.component';
import { ProfileComponent } from './profile/profile.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: 'login',
    component: LoginComponent
  },
  { path: 'profile',
    component: ProfileComponent
  }
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule { }

Finally, to gather all, we need to modify the app.component.ts and add the routing logic.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
  constructor(private router: Router) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    if (window.location.pathname === "/") {
      if (localStorage.getItem('token')) {
        this.router.navigate(['/profile']);
      } else {
        this.router.navigate(['/login']);
      }
    }
  }
}

And add the router-outlet to the app.component.html file.

<router-outlet></router-outlet>

You can find the full code in github

Testing the application

Run ng serve to start the local server, and you will be able to see the output on locahost:4200.

Adding Login Methods

You can configure the LoginRadius Auth Page by adding social login methods like Facebook, Google, etc. To add the login method, you can use the command lr get social and lr add social command. Check the below image on how to add the social configuration.

Added Facebook as an loginmethod

After adding, visit the LoginRadius Auth Page either by visiting locahost:4200 and log out. Or using the command lr demo. You will find the new login method added.

Added Facebook as an loginmethod

Customizing theme for LoginRadius Auth Page

LoginRadius Dashboard Support three pre-defined themes for you. You can check out the Theme Customization section in the LoginRadius Dashboard for all the customization options available.

Theme Customization

You can also get/set your current theme using LoginRadius CLI by using the commands like lr get theme and lr set theme.

Theme Customization CLI

Adding/Updating Registeration Schema for LoginRadius Auth Page

LoginRadius Auth Page supports 3 predefined fields for LoginRadius Auth Page i.e Email, Password, Confirm Password. With the help of LoginRadius CLI, you can manage the registration schema for your LoginRadius Auth Page.

Check out the below commands to add the new registration field in your LoginRadius Application. After adding the new schema field you can always check your LoginRadius Auth Page by running lr demo command from the terminal.

Registration Schema LoginRadius CLI

LoginRadius Site Management

LoginRadius Dashboard provides a feature where you can create and manage multiple applications for your multiple products.

With the help of LoginRadius CLI you can manage your sites via terminal using commands like lr get site, lr set site, lr add site, lr delete site.

Site Management in LoginRadius CLI

Contributing to LoginRadius CLI

The LoginRadius CLI is opensourced in the LoginRadius Organization and you can contribute to it if you find any bugs or improvement by following the contributing guidelines. You can also checkout our open source page if you wish to contribute more in LoginRadius.

Your Take

With the help of LoginRadius CLI, you can setup the authentication for your Angular application in just 5 minutes. LoginRadius will take care of all the authentication-related stuff for your application so that you can focus on your application development.

I hope you like this tutorial. Kindly provide feedback suggestions in the comment section below.

Cheers!!!



LoginRadius Docs

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Mohammed Modi

Mohammed Modi

Mohammed Modi is a software developer at LoginRadius and have an experience in working in most of the javascript framework including React, NodeJS, Angular etc.

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