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Top 10 Cyber Threats in 2022

Cybercriminals are using an increasing number of attacks to exploit web apps and steal valuable data. This article teaches about the ten most common types of cyber threats.

What is a Cyber Attack?

A cyber attack is a sequence of actions performed by a threat actor to obtain unauthorized access to a computer, computer network, or other computing systems to intentionally steal data, harm innocent people, or launch attacks from a compromised computer. To launch a cyberattack, cybercriminals utilize many methods, including phishing, ransomware, malware, man-in-the-middle attack, and denial of service, among others.

1) Phising

Phishing is used to steal user credentials and sensitive data such as credit card numbers and social security numbers or install malware on a victim's machine. An attacker usually sends fraudulent communications that appear to be from a reputable source. Specifically, scammers send emails or text messages containing malicious links in a manner that seems to originate from legitimate senders.

2) DoS and DDoS

Denial-of-Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks send malicious and spam requests to a system or network, severely restricting the ability to perform and serve legitimate users and requests. This attack is frequently used to set up another attack.

3) Voice Phishing Or Vishing

Vishing combines voice and phishing in which an attacker tricks a victim to steal personal and confidential information. It is a social engineering attack as it relies on psychology to convince victims to give sensitive information or perform an action for the attacker's benefit.

4) Malware

Malware attacks are common types of cyberattacks in which malware (usually malicious software) performs unauthorized actions like stealing personal, financial, or business information on the victim's system. Malicious software is created in several forms, including ransomware, spyware, and command and control.

5) Ransomware

Ransomware is malware that threatens to expose or limit access to data or a computer system by encrypting valuable data or limiting system functionality. Cybercriminals demand monetary incentives (ransom) for releasing the system after encrypting or locking the data. A deadline is typically attached to the ransom demand. If the victim does not pay the ransom on time, the data will be lost permanently, or the ransom will be increased.

6) Man-in-the-Middle Attack

A man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attack occurs when an attacker intercepts and distributes messages between two participants who think they are interacting directly and securely. Participants who send emails, instant messages, or video conferencing are unaware that an attacker has inserted themselves into the conversation and is collecting and manipulating their information.

7) Brute-fore Attack

A Brute-force Attack is an attempt to find a credential, such as a password, using computer-based automated trial and error. The attack involves automated spraying of all possible character combinations and lengths into a password field until a match. Brute-force attacks are successful when the authentication protocol of an online service complements this type of attack. Shared secrets between the service and the user provide the highest probability of success for a brute-force attacker.

8) IoT Devices

Any cyberattack that targets an Internet of Things (IoT) device or network is known as an IoT attack. Once the device has been hacked, the hacker can take control of it, steal data, or join a network of infected devices to execute DoS or DDoS attacks.

9) Spyware & Keyloggers

A keylogger is spyware that logs a user's activity by logging keystrokes. Every key pushed on the keyboard is captured and forwarded to a malicious actor when the spyware installs a keylogger on a device. As a result, the attacker will have access to data streams that help find user passwords and other sensitive information. Keylogger spyware is generally installed on the user's device by unintentionally clicking on a malicious link or attachment.

10) Cross-site Scripting (XSS)

Cross-site Scripting (XSS) attacks use third-party online resources in which malicious scripts are inserted into a legitimate website or application to obtain a user's information. Attackers commonly employ JavaScript, Microsoft VBScript, ActiveX, and Adobe Flash for XSS attacks. A web app is usually vulnerable to XSS attacks when it receives user input without validating or encoding it in its output.

To Conclude

Cyberattacks are becoming ever more common and sophisticated, mostly with financial motives. While preventative cybersecurity tactics vary by attack type, you should follow best security practices and practice IT hygiene for mitigating these attacks.

These cyber-threats are creating more emphasis to stack up security measures. You can follow these Security Tips, which are well-known among LoginRadius’s cybersecurity Experts.

Vijay Singh Shekhawat

Written by Vijay Singh Shekhawat

He is the Lead Product Architect @LoginRadius. He loves working with technology and building something new. He is also a breakthrough thinker, DevOps guy, and cybersecurity enthusiast.

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